|Juxtaposition||is expressed by a hyphen. That is when successive signs are separated by a space.|
|Linking||is expressed by a period. That is when successive signs are linked, often seeming to "hold" one another.|
|Stacking||is expressed by a colon.
The signs stacked are listed from top to bottom and are sometimes separate (43:50), sometimes linked (9:8). The C.E.I.P.P.'s extended system distinguishes between separate and linked stacks.
|Merging||is expressed by an apostrophe.
Ill-defined, this combination has been dispensed with in the C.E.I.P.P.'s extended system.